Piero Messina is a senior policy & strategy office in the ESA Director General Strategy Department.
He is in charge of relations with Member States and has been working on several cross-cutting projects such as space resources (e.g. space mining, in-orbit economy), on the Moon Village vision as well as on enhancing the nexus between space systems and data and the Atlantic and maritime domain.
Piero has been working at the European Space Agency for over 25 years in several positions and in different ESA Centers (ESOC, Germany, ESTEC, Netherlands and HQ in Paris).
Title: Europe and Space Exploration: From LEO to MARS
Title: “DLR’s Developments for future Robotic Mars Exploration”
In the context of this presentation, the Institute of Robotics and Mechatronics of DLR will give some insights into its current developments with regard to upcoming technology developments for future missions.
The presentation will give a short overview of the current developments and mission participations, starting with the contribution to the Mars Moon Explorer (MMX) mission, where DLR provides a rover as a payload contribution to the MMX JAXA mission in cooperation with CNES.
Furthermore, the contributions to the Mars Sample Fetch activities are presented and an overview of the analogous mission campaign ARCHES is given, where a cooperative robotic mission with geological in-situ capabilities, sample retrieval but also installation of radio telescopes in the vicinity of Mt. Etna will be carried out in June/July 2021. These activities are part of the lunar Exploration strategie, i.e. the EL3 and Luna28, ARTEMIS mission.
Last but not least, the lecture will deal with the challenges we all face to continue the work on such an international project in the time of a worldwide pandemic.
Title: “How to settle Mars?”
In order to settle Mars, requirements can be split into 5 categories: Energy, Ecosystem, Industry, Architecture and Human factors. As the trip to Mars is long, expensive and dangerous, it is necessary to maximize autonomy. The issue is therefore to be able to produce energy, to grow plants, to manufacture different objects, to build new houses, greenhouses and factories, everything using only local resources.
Director International Network Opportunities Development
Title: “Moving from Leo to Moon and Mars”
In more than 50 years of space missions, humankind has developed the capabilities to live and work in Low Earth Orbit. Moon and Mars exploration is the natural evolution that can be accomplished via an incremental, multi-step approach passing thru enabling technologies, robotic preparatory missions and outposts development before having human-in-the-loop.
Mars exploration and settlement calls for specific knowledge in the field of Life Support System and extraction of useful materials from Mars soil. Kayser Italia ongoing research activities and advancements in these areas are presented, together with the commercial service that makes possible part of these activities.
Title: “Presentation of the SMOPS Mission” Mission”
SMOPS (Space Medicine OPerationS), is an analogue mission organized by Mars Planet with its associated DOME project team that will take place at the MDRS (Mars Desert Research Station), a research facility owned and managed by The Mars Society in the Moab desert, Utah, USA. For two weeks in isolation, our analogue astronauts will test different technologies and operational scenarios in the field of space medicine, in preparation for future human missions to Mars.
The conditions offered by the MDRS are in many ways similar to the ones that can be found in a possible Mars habitat: desertic environment, crew isolation, spacesuit simulators for external activities, limited living spaces and resources (water and food), local energy (solar panels), and food production (greenhouse).
From Israel. Bachelor of Science in Mathematics, Computer Science and Aviation Science at the Ben-Gurion University of the Negev and Master of Science in Neuroscience at the Weizmann-Institute of Science, Israel. A veteran of the Israeli Air Force, where among other positions served as a software developer & team leader. He also worked as a researcher and data-scientist at Weizmann-Institute of Science. Currently working as a senior AI engineer in Singapore, building artificial-intelligence-based solutions for various companies. Alon Tenzer is an Advanced Open Water diver and A License Skydiver, he is fluent in Hebrew and English and has basic knowledge of French and Chinese.
Crew member of the international space projects “Mars-160” and “SIRIUS-19”, the first female test subject in the experiment “Dry Immersion”, engineer at the Institute of Biomedical Problems Russian Academy of Science, space journalist.
Title: “Dry immersion experiment”
The state of the physiological systems of the body in women of reproductive age when modeling particular factors of space flight under conditions of 3-day dry immersion.
Title: “Monitoring the Martian weather to prepare for human exploration”
Mars weather poses hazards to current robotic and future human exploration missions. One such hazard comes from extreme dust storm events, like the one that terminated NASA’s Opportunity rover mission in summer 2018. While monitoring the Martian weather globally, continuously, and simultaneously is a desirable objective for scientific purposes and robotic missions, it is a compulsory requirement in preparation for human missions, allowing us to take preventive actions and minimize risks. By leveraging the experience of Earth weather monitoring and forecasting, we can start putting the operative infrastructure in place at Mars in the current decade.
Title: “Building a sustainable colony in the Martian land”
The exploration of Mars is not only important for the survival of the upcoming generations but also as a massive step to revolutionize science. In order to colonize Mars we need to start thinking about building and testing a sustainable habitat that can fit all, with the rapid revolution in modern technologies;3D printers have demonstrated their capability to work efficiently in the space environment on the International Space station. My team and I decided to carry on the research of such possibilities by participating in Mohammed Bin Rashid Space Center (MBRSC) and investigate the possibility of building a “greenhouse” on the Martian land. Our designed mission to the red planet aims at sending a constructive robot that moves, prints and build a modular colony autonomously by using Martian resources (ice, calcium oxide and Martian aggregate). The construction method will be carried out by a printing rover that is carried on the main lander, the rover will print and construct glass domes that imitates the environment of a greenhouse. Then, the main lander will dig the ground and extract, store ice and convert it into liquid water. For human survival on this threatening land, the habitat will be equipped to provide the essential resources (water, oxygen and nutrients) for humans to live inside the new structure during future missions.
Title:“Feasibility study of Mars aerocapture with an innovative deployable drag device”
Aerocapture is a technique which, by means of aerodynamic decelerators, exploits the drag generated during a single pass through the atmosphere of a celestial body to perform orbit insertion. This can result in time and propellant savings for missions to planets with an appreciable atmosphere. However, aerocapture has never been employed to date because of the high uncertainties in the parameters on which it depends.
In this context, this presentation illustrates the study carried out to investigate the feasibility of aerocapture at Mars with an innovative deployable heat shield, already designed for the Small Mission to MarS (SMS) project, and to assess the effects of the main uncertainties on the success of the manoeuvre. The innovative design of the deployable heat shield, whose aperture can be modulated in flight, allows to achieve very low values of ballistic coefficient, suitable for decelerating a small spacecraft within the atmosphere for aerocapture.
Title: “Designing for humans off Earth: coexisting without destroying”
Building for humans on Earth and in space shares several essential objectives including protection from environmental hazards and benefiting from natural features and resources. Historical architectural examples on Earth present many useful lessons for space architects helping them to learn about environmental sustainability and design techniques through understanding of construction methods evolution, resource utilization, passive building systems operations, and responsible lifestyle of inhabitants. Few examples of application of such space architecture strategy will be presented and discussed.
Prof. Marcello Coradini, FRAS, IAA Academician
Space Systems Solutions -S3- Co-founder and Executive Director
Title:”Which Future for Space Exploration?”
In the last 10 years, space exploration has welcome new actors who have injected a new culture, business, and financial models. The classical institutional exploration organization such as NASA, ESA, ROSKOSMOS were joined by new international partners in China, India, United Arab Emirates, Cyprus, and by a wealth of private enterprises that are becoming competitive in terms of budgets and technology with the institutional partners.
This is the dawn of a new era of exploration that will witness the passing of the torch from the old, large, and slow institutional organizations to a number of new, fast, and aggressive partners who will give us guarantees that the expansion of humankind to the planets is not a dream.
How to challenge high thermal requirements for the next space applications: Flow boiling as the new cooling techniques after heat pipes, The innovative new systems feature the use of flow boiling heat transfer to cool electronic devices with higher heat transfer coefficients (50W/cm2 to 100W/cm2) and low pumping power. How to manage heat transfer over long distances and for high demanding applications using a technology developed for earth application over nuclear reactors.
Marcus is an aerospace engineer with a specialisation in spacecraft electric propulsion systems. A dual-national with both British and Slovak citizenship, he completed Master’s degree in Spacecraft Engineering from the University of Southampton in July 2018.
Title: “Magnetohydrodynamic Enhanced Entry System for Space Transportation: MEESST as a key technology for current and future Mars missions”
“Aside from the launch environment, atmospheric re-entry imposes one of the most demanding and harsh environments which a spacecraft can experience. The combination of high spacecraft velocity during re-entry and the presence of atmospheric particles leads to partially ionised gas forming around the vehicle, which significantly inhibits radio communications, and leads to the generation of high thermal loads on the spacecraft surface. Currently, no solutions exist for the former problem, while the latter requires the use of expensive, heavy, and sometimes non-reusable thermal protection systems (TPS) to withstand re-entry conditions. The presence of an atmosphere on Mars means that missions to Mars, such as probes, rovers, and sample return missions, must utilise such physical TPS, which greatly increases the design effort and cost of the spacecraft, and reduces the cost efficiency of the mission by sacrificing payload mass for such systems.”
“The recent technological innovation in the rocket science, developed by companies like Space-x, opens a new era of possibilities for the human exploration of space. In this new era we will see in a near future humans on Moon and on Mars, spaceshifts moving in the solar systems, new ways to transport people and goods from one point to another on Earth. The spaceflight revolution is the last one in the technlogical revolutions which have changed the world starting at least from 18th Century and it will be the one which will have more disruptive effects on our future”